Submit your skincare questions to Dr. Agnes, CEO of Herborium and natural medicine expert
As a general
rule, women's hormones tend to fluctuate more than men's, which helps explain
why acne in women tends to be less constant and more erratic than acne in men. More
than half of all adult women experience at least occasional breakouts. Approximately
60-70% of women battle with acne experience premenstrual flare-ups. Acne can
occur throughout a woman's adult life: in early adulthood, in the late twenties
and thirties, during pregnancy, and during menopause. While female adult acne
can be frustrating to deal with, it can be prevented and effectively treated.
Acne is an
androgenic disorder. In other words, the effects of hormones called androgens
set off acne. Testosterone generally plays the biggest role in acne. Men and
women both produce testosterone. The testosterone stimulates the sebaceous
(oil-making) glands in the skin. However, when excess testosterone stimulates
too much oil production, pores will clog and trap the oil inside. Bacteria
begin to grow in the trapped oil, causing the body's immune system to respond. At
that point, the immune system responses thus causing the redness, swelling,
pus-like fluid and scarring that are associated with acne.
the most notable time acne flares up. As you enter adolescence, increased
amounts of hormones begin surging through your body. While girls will
experience heightened levels of estrogens, they will also experience a boost in
androgens as boys do. It is believed these androgens are mostly responsible for
the appearance of hormonal acne.
cases, an underlying condition may not be to blame, but a simple hormone
imbalance could cause unexpected acne breakouts. Women with very oily skin,
breakout often and show signs of other hormonal problems like irregular periods
and increased body hair in women. They should consult with their physician and
have their hormonal levels tested.